Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) refers to the construction and assessment of spatially extended statistical processes used to test hypotheses about functional imaging data. These ideas have been instantiated in software that is called SPM. The SPM software package has been designed for the analysis of brain imaging data sequences. The sequences can be a series of images from different cohorts, or time-series from the same subject. The current release is designed for the analysis of fMRI, PET, SPECT, EEG and MEG. SPM is made freely available to the [neuro]imaging community, to promote collaboration and a common analysis scheme across laboratories. The software represents the implementation of the theoretical concepts of Statistical Parametric Mapping in a complete analysis package. The SPM software is a suite of MATLAB (The MathWorks, Inc) functions and subroutines with some externally compiled C routines.
Official Website: Main Software Distribution & Extensions
Tutorials: Link 1(Getting started), Link 2 (General Documentation), Link 3 (Wiki) & Link 4 (Examples)
References: Online bibliography, Book 1, Book 2